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2023 Federal Payroll Tax Rates

December 20, 2022 | posted by Abacus Payroll

Following is a summary of the federal 2023 payroll tax changes including Social Security, Medicare, Unemployment Tax, Minimum Wage, 401(k) limits, and more.

 

Print Full 2023 Payroll Tax Alert [PDF]

 

Social Security / Medicare

The wage base increases to $160,200 for Social Security and remains UNLIMITED for Medicare. For Social Security, the tax rate is 6.20% for both employers and employees. (Maximum Social Security tax withheld from wages is $9,932.40 in 2023). For Medicare, the rate remains unchanged at 1.45% for both employers and employees.

 

Additional Medicare Tax

A 0.9% additional Medicare tax must be withheld from an individual’s wages paid in excess of $200,000 in a calendar year. There is no employer match for the additional Medicare tax.

 

Federal Unemployment Tax

The wage base remains at $7,000.

The effective tax rate for 2023 is 0.6%.

 

HR Support From Abacus Payroll: Check out our HR Help Center for $11/month

 

Federal Minimum Wage

The federal minimum wage rate per hour for 2023 is $7.25, effective 7/24/09.

 

Earnings Under Social Security

A social security beneficiary under full retirement age can earn $21,240 before benefits are reduced. For every $2 a person under full retirement age earns over $21,240, $1 is withheld from benefits. In the year an employee reaches full retirement age, $1 in benefits will be withheld for each $3 they earn above $56,520 until the month the employee reaches full retirement age. Once an employee reaches full retirement age or older, their benefits are not reduced regardless of how much they earn.

 

401(K) Plan Limits

The maximum employee pretax contribution increases to $22,500 in 2023. The “catch-up” contribution increases to $7,500 for individuals age 50 or older.

 

SIMPLE Plan Limits

The maximum salary deferral contribution increases to $15,500 in 2023. The “catch-up” contribution increases to $3,500 for individuals age 50 or older.

 

Forms W-4, I-9 and W-9

All new employees are required to file Forms W-4 and I-9 which are to be kept on file by the employer. A new Form W-4 should be obtained when an employee’s filing status or exemption changes. Be sure to request and keep on file a completed Form W-9 from all non-corporate taxpayers to whom your company pays commissions, interest, rents, etc., totaling $600 or more, and also payments made to certain incorporated entities such as attorneys for legal services and providers of medical and health care services.

 

Filing of Form W-2 and 1099

The IRS has been authorized to reduce the electronic filing requirement from 250 W-2s and 1099s. Until these regulations are issued the threshold remains at 250. Visit IRS.gov for the latest information. If you need to file electronically via the Social Security’s Business Services Online (BSO) visit ssa.gov/employer for more information about using the BSO. Form 1099 must provide the payer telephone number or will be subject to penalties.

**Update** As of 2024, the required electronic filing threshold for certain information returns (including the 1099 series forms and most Forms W-2) was reduced from 250 returns to 10 returns. This lower threshold applies to tax year 2023 Forms W-2 as they are due to be filed by January 31, 2024.

 

W-2 and 1099 Filing Deadline for Employers

The due date for filing 2022 Form W-2 with the Social Security Administration is January 31, 2023. Non-employee compensation, such as payment to independent contractors, will continue to be reported on Form 1099-NEC instead of 1099-MISC. The 1099-NEC return is also due January 31, 2023.

 

Health Benefits W-2 Reporting

Employers are required to include the aggregate cost of employer sponsored health benefits on the 2022 W-2’s in Box 12 with code DD. It is for informational purposes only and will not be included in taxable income. Please contact us regarding the specific types of health benefits to be recorded. Small employers who file fewer than 250 W-2 Forms are exempt.

 

Electronic Federal Tax Payment System (EFTPS)

Employers must pay their Federal Tax Liabilities through the Electronic Federal Tax Payment System unless they pay less than $2,500 in quarterly payroll tax liabilities and pay their liability when filing their employment tax returns (Forms 941 and 944).

 

Household Employment – Domestic Workers

Household employers are required to withhold and pay FICA for domestic workers (age 18 and older) if paid cash wages of $2,600 or more in 2023. The $1,000 per calendar quarter threshold continues to apply for FUTA. These taxes are reported on Schedule H of the employer’s personal tax return (Form 1040), but must be remitted through withholding or estimated payments during the year. For PA and NJ, unemployment coverage applies for domestic service in an employer’s private home for cash wages of $1,000 or more in a calendar quarter in the current or preceding calendar year.

 

New Hire Reporting Requirements

All employers in the states of New Jersey and Pennsylvania are required to report basic information about employees who are newly hired, rehired, and returning to work after separation of employment or leave of absence, temporary employees, and contracted entities. Employers must report this information within 20 days at www.njcsesp.com and www.cwds.pa.gov. Failure to report a new employee could result in a fine up to $25 per violation. For further information, contact us or call the State of NJ at 1-877-654-4737 or PA at 1-888-PA-HIRES.

Basic employee information which must be provided:

(1)   Employee’s name
(2)   Employee’s address
(3)   Employee’s social security number
(4)   Employee’s date of hire and birth
(5)   Employer’s name and address
(6)   Employer’s federal identification number

For further information contact us or call the State of New Jersey at 1-877-654-4737 (NJ-HIRES) or Pennsylvania at 1-888-724-4737 (PA-HIRES).

 

 

2023 Federal Wage Tax Rate Summary

 

  2023 Current Year 2022 Prior Year
FICA / OASDI

Employee rate

Maximum liability – employee

Employer rate

Maximum liability – employer

Wage limit

 

 

6.2%

$9,932.40

6.2%

$9,932.40

$160,200.00

 

6.2%

$9,114.00

6.2%

$9,114.00

$147,000.00

Medicare

Employee and Employer rate

Maximum deduction / liability (each)

Wage limit

Additional employee rate on wages exceeding $200,000

 

1.45%

No limit

No limit

0.9%

 

 

1.45%

No limit

No limit

0.9%

FUTA

Employer rate

Wage limit

 

 

0.6%

$7,000

 

0.6%

$7,000

Social Security Benefits

Earned income may be received without forfeiting benefits:

 

Under full retirement age

After full retirement age

 

 

 

$21,240.00

No limit

 

 

 

 

$19,560.00

No limit

 

Print Full 2023 Payroll Tax Alert [PDF]

 

 

 


About the Author: Abacus Payroll

Abacus Payroll, Inc. is a leading provider of payroll solutions for businesses of all sizes. Whether yours is a family-owned small business or a national corporation, we provide payroll, tax and other financial services on time and at an affordable price. Unlike other payroll providers, Abacus Payroll will assign your very own payroll specialist who will understand your payroll needs inside and out. So no more speaking to a different person each time, no more sitting on hold for hours and most importantly no more missed deadlines! Contact us today to see how we can help your business. You can count on us.